The Huguenots - Heath Evangelical Church
Because Protestants initially assembled in secret under cover of darkness, they were dubbed Huguenots. They established a formal church structure based on the Genevan consistorial system, with consistories responsible for local church affairs, while also setting up national synods for settling doctrinal affairs. By the Huguenot movement had gained over 1. Growing tensions between Protestants and Catholics sparked a series of civil wars known as the French Wars of Religion — The conflict ended when, in , King Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes, which formalized a regime of religious coexistence by allowing Protestants to worship alongside Catholics, while also granting Huguenots civil rights and military autonomy.
During the rule of King Louis XIV, however, the Huguenots came under increasing pressure to convert and had many of their rights annulled. In the king revoked the Edict of Nantes and forced the Huguenots to convert to Catholicism through brutal persecution. The Revocation provoked one of the largest migration waves of the early modern period, as an estimated , Huguenots fled to Switzerland, Germany, the Dutch Republic, the British Isles, and the American colonies, forming a transnational diaspora that is often referred to as the Refuge.
Although the history of the Huguenots has long been written as a heroic story of ongoing persecution, in recent years scholars have begun to paint a more nuanced picture of the Huguenot movement, exploring the many religious, cultural, social, and political aspects of this important Protestant minority in early modern Europe. Surprisingly few general overviews of Huguenot history have been written.
The Huguenot: A Tale of the French Protestants. Volumes I-III by G. P. R. James
The best chronological introductions in French are Cabanel and the more succinct Boisson and Daussy , while English readers may want to turn to Treasure There are, however, several excellent thematic essay collections on Huguenot history, including Benedict , Mentzer and Spicer , and Mentzer and van Ruymbeke Haag and Haag — , although published in the 19th century, is still a valuable biographical resource for exploring Huguenots of name and fame. Benedict, Philip. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, Collection of articles by one of the leading scholars on French Protestantism, focusing on the demography of the Huguenot movement, religious and historical mentalities, and confessional coexistence.
The chapters on Huguenot demographics, the ownership of books and paintings in Metz, and confessional identity are especially insightful. Boisson, Didier, and Hugues Daussy. Les Protestants dans la France moderne.
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The Huguenots couldn't work and their dead weren't allowed to be buried but were thrown on rubbish dumps. Such measures caused an estimated , to leave France for Holland, Switzerland, Britain and Prussia, with some even going to South Africa.
This forced emigration saw some of the country's best craftsmen and business-people and Nobles leave France. The French economy slumped for several decades. The leaders of the Huguenot Church were also forced to flee.
Some pastors left the country in a two-week period. Huguenot books were collected and burned. Prisons were full as the rack, gallows and stake produced scores of martyrs. Among the best-known heroes of this period was a young woman of about 17 years who was incarcerated in the Tower of Constance, at Aigues Mortes, in southern France.
A Tale of the Huguenots or Memoirs of a French Refugee Family/13
Marie Durand was kept there for almost 38 years. Her crime was that her father and brother were Huguenot preachers. While in prison she rallied and inspired other women there.
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Her steadfastness and courage has inspired generations. She refused a liberty that came only at the expense of her faith. Her attitude is epitomized in her Resistenz scratched into the cold stone floor, and still visible today.
The microfiche collection can be access at UCL by Fellows only. More information about it can be found here. The Library holds records from a number of Huguenot institutions; the main categories are as follows:. These are collections of original documents relating to families, including pedigree rolls, correspondence, diaries, journals, and legal papers. As well as original documents, the Library also holds a variety of published and unpublished genealogical research on a number of families with Huguenot roots, including the collection of Wagner pedigrees. The collections include a series of historic prints relating to the history of the Huguenots, in addition to the photographs and other images to be found within the archive holdings.
Irish Section French Hospital. Rare Books The Library's rare book collection began as the Library of the French Hospital, and grew considerably through the efforts of the Hospital Trustees and the founders of the Huguenot Society around Periodicals and journals The Library holds around 50 periodical titles, both current and historic.
Related The Huguenot: A Tale of the French Protestants (Complete)
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