This section provides an overview of the scientific background and public policy debate related to global warming. The Keeling Curve , April 5, Is climate change real? The Keeling Curve is a graph showing seasonal and annual changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations since at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. Modern research into climatic variation and change is based on a variety of empirical and theoretical lines of inquiry.
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Some assume that the terms weather and climate are at some level interchangeable, but the main difference between the two concepts is duration. Evidence continues to mount that polar bears Ursus maritimus , apex predators in Arctic ecosystems, cannot survive over the long term. The American pika is the second species petitioned for protection under the U.
Endangered Species Act ESA because of climate change-associated threats the polar bear was the first. Research predicted the future of small mammals—gophers, mice, beavers, and their relatives—given the current global warming trend. Many butterflies possess an unusually heightened sensitivity to overly warm environs, making them important indicators of climate change. All living things respond to climate and changes in the climate, even if these changes are subtle and temporary.
Sea levels are expected to rise 26—77 cm The average rate of change of global average surface temperature per century. The average rate of change of global average surface temperature has nearly doubled. Fossil fuels are a group of hydrocarbon-containing energy sources derived from the remains of ancient plants and animals. Coal is one of the most important primary fossil fuels. It is a solid carbon-rich material that is usually brown or black. Deforestation is a serious threat to biodiversity and a significant contributor to global warming.
Learn more about this global land-use issue. Consumption is the use of goods and services by households. Population is the number of inhabitants occupying an area and is continually modified by births, immigrations, deaths, and emigrations. Livestock farming is the raising of animals for food or other uses. Transportation is the movement of goods and persons from place to place and the various means by which such movement is accomplished.
Carbon sequestration is the long-term storage of carbon in plants, soils, geologic formations, and the ocean. UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 9 July Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Retrieved 5 May Environmental Studies, University of Oshkosh — Wisconsin.
Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 27 March February Section: after ". American Institute of Physics. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 16 August Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 3 May People nearly everywhere, including majorities in developed Asia and Latin America, are more likely to attribute global warming to human activities rather than natural causes. The U. Archived from the original on 4 October Bloomsbury Press. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Cambridge University Press.
Earth warming more quickly than thought, new climate models show
Bibcode : AgFM.. Retrieved 30 July Yale Climate Connections. Archived from the original on 7 February The Discovery of Global Warming. Search and Discovery Retrieved 31 January Circumstances affecting the Heat of the Sun's Rays. The American Journal of Science and Arts. Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 13 October Boston: American Meteorological Society. Global Warming vs. Climate Change". Archived from the original on 9 August Greenhouse Effect and Global Climate Change, part 2.
City of Darebin. Retrieved 11 May Agendas and minutes of Council. Retrieved 30 June May Houghton, J. Prentice, I. Penner, J. McCarthy, J. Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Smith, J. Metz, B. Banuri, T. Morita, T. Solomon, S. IPCC Le Treut, H. Trenberth, K. Lemke, P.
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Parry, M. Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Rosenzweig, C. Kundzewicz, Z. Fischlin, A. Mimura, N. Schneider, S. Climate Change Mitigation of Climate Change. Barker, T. Rogner, H. Fisher, B. Sims, R. Core Writing Team; Pachuri, R.
Climate Change Synthesis Report. Stocker, T. Cubasch, U. Hartmann, D. Rhein, M. Vaughan, D.
Masson-Delmotte, V. Ciais, P. Boucher, O. Myhre, G.
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Kirtman, B. Collins, M. Church, J. Christensen, J. Field, C. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Barros, V. Part B: Regional Aspects. Chapters 21—30, Annexes, and Index.
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